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The healthy food combinations for children aged 1 to 10 years

The healthy food combinations for children aged 1 to 10 years

A varied and nutritious diet and good eating habits are essential for young children’s health, growth and development. They require a healthy, varied and well-balanced diet to thrive and grow.

BREAD, CEREALS AND POTATOES

Serve at each meal and offer some as snacks. Like:

Breakfast – cereal and/or bread, toast or chapatti.

Lunch and evening meal – potatoes, rice, pasta, couscous, bread, yam or plantain.

Snacks – bread, bread sticks, rice cakes or crackers, other foods based on flour such as pancakes, tea bread and scones.FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

Serve at each meal so that your child learns they are a normal part of each meal. Aim for about five servings a day.

Serve fruit at breakfast and at least one vegetable and one fruit at lunch and the evening meal.

Set a good example by eating fruit and vegetables yourself.

Cut raw fruit and vegetables into slices, cubes or sticks as toddlers find these easier to eat than a large whole fruit.MILK, CHEESE AND YOGURT

Serve three times a day. One serving is:

About 120ml (4oz) glass or cup of milk.

A 120g pot of full fat yogurt or fromage frais.

Cheese in a sandwich or on top of a pizza slice.

A serving of custard or another milk pudding made with whole milk.

A serving of food in a white cheese sauce such as macaroni cheese.

MEAT, FISH AND VEGETARIAN ALTERNATIVES

Serve once or twice a day for non-vegetarians and two or three times a day for vegetarians. Always serve a high vitamin C food with vegetarian meals to ensure good absorption of iron.

Most children prefer softer cuts of meat such as chicken, minced meat, sausages, pate or slowly baked meat. Some will refuse hard, chewy textures.

Serve oily fish such as mackerel, salmon and sardines in fish cakes or fish pie up to twice a week for girls and four times a week for boys.

Vegetarian alternatives include eggs, ground or chopped nuts and pulses such as beans, chickpeas, hummus, lentils and dhal.

High vitamin C foods include tomatoes, peppers, citrus fruits, kiwi, pineapple and fruit juices high in vitamin C. Allow some each day with, but not instead of, the other food groups.

FOODS HIGH IN FAT AND SUGAR

Olive oil, soya oil, walnut oil and rapeseed oil give a good balance of omega 3 and 6 fats. “Pure vegetable oil” is often rapeseed oil.

Include cake, biscuits or ice cream with fruit as a pudding sometimes.

Allow sweets, chocolate and confectionery occasionally as part of a pudding. However too much sugary food may harm your child’s teeth.

Dilute sweetened drinks and serve in beakers or cups, not bottles, to reduce the risk of dental decay.

Only rarely offer salty snacks such as crisps.

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